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GLOSSARY OF GRAMMATICAL TERMS

Adjective: a word that describes and /or gives more information about a noun. In French, it is usually found directly after (sometimes before) the noun but can also be separated from it by a verb such as être (to be), devenir (to become), rester (to remain), sembler (to seem).

Adverb: a word that describes a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

Article: a word placed before a noun to indicate whether it refers to a person, thing or concept in particular, or whether it refers to someone or something in general, or even simply part of it (examples in English: the cake, a cake, some cake).

Auxiliary (verb): in French, it refers to either être (to be) or avoir (to have).

Compound tense: a tense made up of two parts, i.e. an auxiliary and a past participle (example in English: I have done).

Conjunction: a word used to link words or parts of a sentence (examples in English: and, but, because).

Determiner: a word used before a noun to make clear what is being referred to (determiners include articles but also possessive adjectives such as my, your, their)

Noun: a word that names a person, a thing or an idea.

Preposition: a word standing in front of a noun or pronoun, often indicating position, direction, time, etc. (examples in English: to, at, in).

Pronoun: a word that stands in place of a noun, often to avoid repetitions (examples in English: it, he, yours)

Tense: the verb form that tells you when the action takes place (past, present, future).

Verb: a word or group of words that indicates the action of the sentence; here action is used in a very broad sense (examples in English: I think he has left, he is listening to the radio)