GENERALITIESAn adjective is a word that describes a noun, i.e. it will give you extra information about it. For example, in the sentence 'He is a bright young man', bright and young are two adjectives that describe 'man'.
French adjectives have two features that distinguish them from English adjectives:
- They are very often placed after the noun they describe
- They generally agree in number and gender with the noun they refer to (in other words, the same adjective will have different forms depending on whether the noun it describes is masculine or feminine and singular or plural)
Ex: un homme critiqué (masculin singular - a criticised man)
une politique critiquée (feminin singular - a criticised policy)
des résultats falsifiés (masculin plural - falsified results)
des solutions controversées (feminine plural - debated solutions)
Please note that, as illustrated by those last four examples, past participles can be used as adjectives too (just as in English).
Again, like in English, adjectives can also be linked to the noun they describe by verbs such as être (to be), sembler (to seem) or devenir (to become).
Activity: By looking at all the examples used under sections 1) and 2) above, can you work out the general rule regarding adjective agreement in French?